Plant Information Database

Beech Tree

Learn how to care for beech trees along with its history and classification details.

how to plant a beech tree

Hardiness Zone: 3-8
Soil Type: Acidic
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Annual or Perennial: Perennial
Type: Tree

History: Beech was a late entrant to Great Britain after the last glaciation, and may have been restricted to basic soils in the south of England. Some suggest that it was introduced by Neolithic tribes who planted the trees for their edible nuts. The beech is classified as a native in the south of England and as a non-native in the north where it is often removed from ‘native’ woods.

Traditionally the beech is called the ‘Queen of Mother of the Woods’, sharing a place of honor with the kingly oak. As such the beech is considered to be protective and nurturing, giving shade with its canopy and food that can be eaten in its raw state.

how to care for beech trees

How to Care for a Beech Tree

When is the best time to plant a beech tree?

Plant from spring to early fall in well-drained, slightly acidic, moist soil. Beech trees don’t grow well on wet sites. They also have shallow roots, so plant where mowers and other vehicles won’t be driving over the root system. Space trees 40 to 50 feet apart.

How do I propagate a beech tree?

Using sharp pruners, take 6- to 10-inch cuttings from the tip of the branch, from new wood no more than 1 year old. The fall is the best time for this process

How much should I water a beech tree?

The beech tree should be watered weekly.

Do I need to fertilize a beech tree?

Yes, fertilize your beech tree frequently.

When does a beech tree bloom?

The beech tree will bloom in spring, summer, and fall.

What is the best way to store beech seeds?

Beech seed is best stored in brown paper bags in a cool, dry place (between 5 and 15 degrees C).

Should I plant any companion plants?

The beech tree grows well with oaks, hickories, and hemlocks.

What are the health benefits of the agave?

The most important health benefits of beech include its ability to stimulate hair growth, protect the immune system, improve the health of the skin, boost newborn health, reduce respiratory distress, prevent infections, relieve pain, detoxify the kidneys, and protect against chronic diseases.

What are some special features?

Beech trees attracts birds, squirrels, & chipmunks.

Aged Beech Leaf Tea

If you are a forager you’ll love trying this out. This tea has been used historically as a medicine.

beech tree bark
beech tree identification
It seemed a mere toss-up whether she said, ‘I love you,’ or whether she said, ‘I love the beech-trees,’ or only ‘ I love — I love.

~Virginia Woolf

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